As of October 17, 2018, recreational cannabis became legal in Canada.
On April 1, 2014, "medical marihuana" (cannabis) became legal for authorized users, however, users must purchase it from a licensed producer. A licensed producer may possess, sell, provide, ship, deliver, transport, destroy, produce, export and/or import cannabis for medical purposes. The medical cannabis program is overseen by the Federal Government and specific details may be found under the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulation.
What is medical cannabis production?
The Federal Government stipulates that medical cannabis can only be grown and sold by "licensed producers", production must be indoors, and it is subject to strict personal and physical security requirements. Production may involve packaging, labelling and shipping. More information regarding the Federal Government’s
Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR).
Does medical or recreational cannabis production qualify for farm class?
In October, 2018, the Government of British Columbia amended the
Classification of Land as a Farm Regulation (B.C. Reg. 411/95), as per the
Assessment Act, to exclude the production of any of the following from qualifying for farm classification for property assessment and property taxation purposes. Other than the production of industrial hemp in accordance with the Industrial Hemp Regulations under the
Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada):
(i) cannabis within the meaning of the
Cannabis Control and Licensing Act whether or not the cannabis is medical cannabis within the meaning of that Act;
(ii) a substance or product derived or produced from a cannabis plant within the meaning of the
Cannabis Control and Licensing Act.
As a result, cannabis facilities/production will not qualify for farm classification effective for the 2019 Assessment Roll and all future assessment rolls.
How are cannabis facilities classified as property?
BC Assessment classifies all properties based on the
Assessment Act and all related regulations. Cannabis production properties will be assessed and classified accordingly.
Furthermore, the provincial government’s regulatory change only applies to the classification of activities related to the production of cannabis. If there are other qualifying farm activities on the land or in another building, these separate activities continue to qualify for farm class for that portion of the property as per the
Classification of Land as a Farm Regulation (B.C. Reg. 411/95). Split classifications are common for properties that have more than one use.
For more information:
If you have any questions about cannabis production and property classification, please contact BC Assessment at:
Telephone: 1-866-valueBC (1-866-825-8322)
Disclaimer: Where information presented is different from legislation, legislation shall prevail.